Nuclear versus Conventional Weapons

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A debate on India’s Defense Budget (2017-18) Hike









By Asma Khalid

The principle purpose of the nuclear weapon is to deter the adversary to ensure the national security. International scholars has identified that states contribute in the nuclearisation process for various reasons ranging from status-quo to security threats, deterrence, offensive strategies and enhancing the state’s standing in international arena.

Since beginning, the role of nuclear weapon has not much evolved since its origin. Such as during the Cold-War era nuclear capability was used to deter and maintain the balance of power among two symmetric adversaries and nuclear doctrine of the states was perusing state-centric policy.

Read the full article at:
http://dailytimes.com.pk/opinion/22-Feb-17/nuclear-versus-conventional-weapons

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose is the Latest Victim

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ICHR’s Post-Truth

By Shamsul Islam

Once a prime national centre of historical research, ICHR has been totally handed over to the RSS pracharaks. It is nobody’s argument that RSS cadres have no right to influence research in Indian history. But as George Orwell in his masterpiece ‘Nineteen Eighty-Four’ (1949) wrote, it should not be left to the whims of a section of the sectarian ruling elite which specializes in daily changing historic records to fit its polarising propaganda goals of the day. The deliberations at recently concluded three-day (February 8-10, 2017) national seminar on Subhas Chandra Bose and Indian National Army organized by ICHR show that even George Orwell and practitioners of post-truth dictum would be embarrassed by reliance on sheer false-hood by the RSS historians and leaders invited for the seminar.

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Communalising Population Growth: Understanding Demographic Data

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By Ram Puniyani

The biases and misconceptions about conversions and population growth have been used by communal forces to divide the society. This became apparent once again when Minister of state of Home, Kiren Rijuju tweeted that that Hindu population is decreasing in the country as Hindus don’t convert and that minorities in India are flourishing unlike in the neighbouring countries.

Threat of decline in Hindu population and increase in population of minorities is being propagated time and over again. As per the data of 2011 census figures, Hindu population now stands at 79.8 % and Muslim population at 14.23%. “The data on Population by Religious Communities of Census 2011 show that between 2001 and 2011, Hindu population grew by 16.76 per cent, while that of Muslims by 24.6 per cent.

Read the full article at:
http://www.countercurrents.org/2017/03/02/communalising-population-growth-understanding-demographic-data/

Anti War Is Not Anti National: Gurmehar Kaur And Internet Trolls

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By T Navin *

The recent attacks on Gurmehar Kaur by Internet Trolls firstly, for her criticism of Akhil Bhartiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP) violence at Ramjas College and secondly, for her expression of anti war sentiments through the Video made by her last year point to the aggressiveness of forces of hyper nationalism to put down alternative viewpoints. In this hyper nationalism, any dissent expressed against the acts of saffron bodies becomes an anti-national act. So is also the case with expression of a sentiment against war and calling for universal brotherhood. Any critique of hyper nationalism is followed by a series of threats. If the dissent expressed is by a female, the threats are usually that of rape.

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Bihar: Maoists Surge

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By Deepak Kumar Nayak
Research Assistant, Institute for Conflict Management

On March 14, 2017, a man identified as Kaushal Paswan (30) was shot dead by Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) cadres near Mahuraushan village in the Gaya District of Bihar. Superintendent of Police (SP), City, Avakash Kumar disclosed that Paswan, a native of Pashewa village, was a member of an anti-Maoist outfit- Bhakt Sangharsh Samiti- formed in 2016 by some Dalits as a vigilante group against Maoists, after they had killed some members of the Bhuian and Paswan communities during the State Assembly polls in 2015.

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Chhattisgarh: LWE: Challenging Reverses

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Ajit Kumar Singh
Research Fellow, Institute for Conflict Management

On March 11, 2017, at least 12 personnel of the 219th battalion of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) were killed and another four injured when Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) cadres ambushed a road opening party in the dense forests near Kottacheru village under Bhejji Police Station in the Sukma District of Chhattisgarh. Commenting on the attack, acting CRPF Director General (DG), Sudeep Lakhtakia stated, "The troops were part of the road clearing party that has been securing an under-construction road between Bhejji and Kottacheru. They were ambushed by Naxals [Left Wing Extremists, LWEs] who set off multiple hidden IEDs (Improvised Explosive Devices) on the ground and opened fire.

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J&K: Application Of Central Statistical Act

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 By Abdul Majid Zargar

The wall of special status accorded to State of J&K is being demolished brick by brick. The latest in the series of  New-Delhi’s demolition drives is to amend Collection of Statistics Act, 2008 (hereinafter referred to as Central Act )so as to apply it to  the State of  Jammu and Kashmir. The Union Cabinet has already approved the  proposal for amendment and going by the numbers enjoyed by BJP in the parliament, its safe passage is a foregone conclusion.  Once amended, New-Delhi  will be able to collect & process  data relating to  statistical subjects falling in the Union and concurrent List as applicable to Jammu and Kashmir State  under the  Constitutional (Application to J&K ) Order 1954. Unfortunately the State Govt. has remained a mute spectator to New-Delhi’s wicked move.

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J&K: Testing the Peace

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By Ajit Kumar Singh
Research Fellow, Institute for Conflict Management

On March 5, 2017, two terrorists and a Policeman were killed and five Security Force (SF) personnel, including an Army Major, were injured during an encounter in the Tral area of Pulwama District. The slain terrorists were identified as Aqib Molvi of Tral and Umar from Pakistan.

On March 3, 2017, a civilian was killed and a Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) trooper was injured when militants hurled a grenade targeting SFs deployed on law and order duties at Murran chowk at Pulwama town in Pulwama District.

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Nagaland: Encouraging but Fragile

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By Giriraj Bhattacharjee
Research Assistant, Institute for Conflict Management

In his address to the Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland-Isak-Muivah (NSCN-IM) cadres at Camp Hebron on March 21, 2017, the group’s ‘headquarters’, on the outfit’s 38th ‘Republic Day’, ‘general secretary’ Thuingaleng Muivah declared, “NSCN had consultative meetings with the people on talks consecutively for eight times. The historic Framework Agreement recognizes the unique history, identity, sovereignty and territories of the Nagas. It also recognizes the legitimate right of the Nagas to integration of all Naga territories.”  The Framework Agreement was signed on August 3, 2015.

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Kerala: Lurking Threat

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By Deepak Kumar Nayak
Research Assistant, Institute for Conflict Management

On January 15, 2017, Security Forces (SFs) in Kerala warned that the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) was planning a coordinated movement of its urban and rural forces to strengthen its activities in India’s southern States, mainly in Kerala. SFs made this claim on the basis of the review report of the CPI-Maoist’s ‘South Zonal Committee’ (SZC), retrieved by the Police from the site of the November 24, 2016, Nilambur encounter. The report asserted that the Maoists had been able to defeat ‘enemy’ plans and successfully organize their meeting in the forests of the ‘tri-junction area’ – connecting Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu – under the protection of People’s Liberation Guerrilla Army (PLGA) Forces, and with the ‘support’ and ‘participation’ of people.

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AAP’s Rout In Punjab Polls: Regionalism Takes A Beating

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By Jaspal Singh Sidhu

Just held 2017 Punjab assembly election has not proved a different game from what RSS brand nationalism played on the demographically polarized chessboard of other northern Indian states that went to polls simultaneously. Much expected political change could not take place even as new entrant – Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) made its assertive debut in Punjab breaking the binary of traditional parties—Akali-BJP combine versus Congress—which have been contesting against each other in past several elections and ruling alternatively.

Read full article at:
http://www.countercurrents.org/2017/03/15/regionalism-takes-a-beating-in-aaps-rout-in-punjab-polls/

JULY 2018

Vol. 12 - No. 12










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